However, the ways that Jing-Mei, Indigenous Australian and Middle Eastern cultures have many similarities when it comes to the factors that influenced their dietary choices throughout history and today. The relationship between Brahman and Atman is essentially a relationship between the general and the particular, in which Brahman is cosmic and Atman is personal. In the primitive society, human beings have been living in a community, thereby facilitating the transmission of survival skills and stimulating the evolution progress. The highlight of this issue is expressed in terms of thought. Society is where a group of individuals live… Eastern Culture: Western Culture: Eastern culture is traditional, has followers of various religions, somewhat conservative, developing, intransigent to change the culture, and respectful. For thousands of years, China is considered to be the cradle of humankind culture. To view a copy of this license, visit Students from eastern cultures often excel academically when in a western … This is reflected in Eastern culture. The Relationship between the Individual and Society in Eastern Culture. National unity must be based on “harmonious settlement of interests among members of society”, “accepting different views not contrary to the common interests of the nation”. Therefore, when dealing with issues, the Japanese often argue less and unify more. Even the collaboration, the association between companies, organizations and collective relationship are longitudinal. The minimum human need for food, clothing, shelter, and other legitimate needs, once ignored, must now be solved more than ever. If the father's power in the family is diminished, the respect for the ruler also decreases because mandarins are the parents of the people” [ 5, p. 165]. When the country is independent, these “heroic individuals” return to their daily life with worries and hurries. The definition like the Eastern culture and the Western culture seems to have the same origin. It does not matter what background you have or which part of the world you are from, everybody has a culture in them in some way. Eastern Culture vs Western Culture Essay Sample. In fact, this level of consciousness is significant to the Japanese and plays an important role in preserving the social order. It can be said that the individual, the society and the relationship between them are the major point of the history of Western philosophy's study. Studying the issue is of great significance in both theoretical and practical aspects. Join now. Culture pervades every aspect of life. Thus, his doctrine of natural rights which outlined the fundamental rights all humans should enjoy: life, liberty, and property... Locke rejected the divine right of kings to rule, and argued for constitutional government to limit the power of the monarch thus preserving the natural rights of citizens. I gathered information not only from the class module, but books, Ayaan Hirsi Ali speaks of honor killings and forced marriages in Middle Eastern society in the The AHA Foundation 2nd Annual Conference. Most individuals choose the quick approach due to its alluring quick fix scheme. The king functions as a patriarch according to Montesquieu's assessment “The Chinese Empire was built on the idea of ruling the family. Atman is the entity that causes men to transcend all things. Of course, being a system implies a lot of things are bound, but generally it does its utmost to elevate individual approaches to dealing with unique students. In essence, this paper should discuss the differences between eastern and western religions regarding the path to god, judgement day, and the nature of worship. In this article “Difference Between Eastern and Western Culture”, author mentions that the main difference between eastern and western is culture. It is this vital need that engages individuals together and in interpersonal relationships that individuals must maintain harmony, unity in a strong system of homes and the government. Top 5 differences between western and eastern society culture and individuals - 4982942 1. When considering the Indian culture, it is essential to understand the Upanisad - the work that is considered to be the original source of philosophical, human and cosmopolitan thoughts of ancient Indians. In the western culture, personal choice is given preference over family choice and hence decisions of relationships are of the individual. Another interrelated difference between Eastern and Western education is how learning itself is seen as a mean to an end. http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/locke1689a.pdf. The attachment of the Vietnamese to the family is echoed by their attachment to the village. The above characteristics of the Asian mode of production stimulate each individual must eliminate the individuality when in action, promote the commons, keep the harmony, think of the responsibility towards the community and society. In a society that does not recognize individuals as a independent, self-reliant character but selfish so individuals tend to adapt to exist, to form contradictive personality in a complete unity. In addition to the persecution in ideology, Annam clan politics considers “Three Moral Bonds” and “Five Constant Virtues” are the pillars of the nation to protect the country, durable families, the development of inward thinking. Eastern Cultural Textbook, Hanoi National University of Education. Philosophy and culture are seen as effective means of communicating about individualism. This means you can achieve anything if you work hard enough. In the history of human thought, in different cultures, the study of personal-social relations acquires a great significance because of its decisiveness to human development. 21 April 2015 When the community is highly appreciated, the individuality of the person becomes blurred. The world we live in is made out of a vast differing quality of distinctive societies. When analyzing the current relationship between eastern and western cultures, it seems as if tensions and conflict arise from a complex and layered set of problems. The characteristics of each culture are Thus, the longitudinal relationship connects individuals in society into a unified whole. This is the source of the bad habits, the collective and social violations, the “internal invasion” of socialism. Individualistic cultures are those that stress the needs of the individual over the needs of the group as a whole. The East and West have many differences based on their culture which is reflected in people’s attitude and behavior. Accordingly, individualism is understood as a philosophical tendency to promote the individual's position, interests, independence, freedom and self-reliance as part of the community and society. Thus, until now, the Japanese have always considered patience and restraint and noble virtues. It is bound and depends on society. Western and eastern cultures typically reflects the point of behavioral differentiations among distinct cultures. McPherson, Hackett Publishing Company, Indianapolis and Cambridge. Professor Tran Dinh Huou in the essay “About the issue of finding special ethnic culture” said that the long-term stability of the village is the basis for the village community to maintain and consolidate. Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. In this context, the importance of community, all for the community to achieve the key goal which is to gain national independence and freedom for the people is absolutely necessary and appropriate. The difference between eastern and western society as observed by Lin (2006) was that people in eastern society were reserved and conservative whereas western society were more creative and assertive. Differences Between Eastern And Western Cultures - by Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. Eastern culture has developed many themes and traditions. Tran Le Bao (2012). In other words, one’s behavior sometimes is the demonstration of one’s identity. The similarities between the two are greater than any differences as cited by scholars in the modern times. Introduction to Japanese Studies, Vietnam Education Publishing House. Confucianism promotes “self-improvement”, which requires the recognition and appreciation of society for the individual. This makes individuals dependent on society, individuals lack conditions (and need no conditions) to improve human characteristics, the capability of self-determination and self-responsibility. Accordingly, Eastern thinking is more introverted and closed; promote the communal and social sense, personal awareness in improving the society. The, Description And Description Of Internship Experience, My Family Within The System Of Inequality, White Dominance During The Post Segregation Era, My Experience With A Internship Experience. Conflict accumulates to a certain limit then it can lead to social conflict. The Collected Works of Ho Chi Minh, chapter 4, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi. Despite these similarities, eastern and western cultures bear a few crucial differences as well. This is the mainstream trend in social life, accepted by every individual as an apparent truth. It is bound and depends on society. The resilience of the Vietnamese community is due to working methods and historical circumstances. After conducting this substantial research, I believe that I have gained a lot of knowledge between the eastern and western cultures. There is no doubt that the similarities between them are obvious, yet the focus of Eastern philosophy is in society whereas Western’s is in universe. The “Asian mode of production” concept is cited by K.Marx in the preface of the book Contributing to the Critique of the Faculty of Economics and Politics (1859). However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… Western will more tend freedom; Eastern sometimes … 1. In the history of Vietnamese society, the community is associated with the entire life of Vietnamese farmers. These issues range from political, economic and military stances to opposing cultural beliefs. Specifically, the benefit is the use of general cultivation land fund, water resources, resources and communal property of the village. When publicly appearing, individuals are collective people showing respect and protecting the common interest. Most prestigious scientists in Vietnam such as Tran Dinh Hao, Nguyen Hong Phong, Pham Minh Hac, Do Long, Tran Hiep, Do Long, Tran Ngoc Them, Phan Huy Le... when referring to the Vietnamese communism agreed that communism does not separate from individualism; Communism is a prominent feature of the Vietnamese people, the culture of Vietnam. Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2018 DÆ°Æ¡ng Thi Thuy Nga, This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Besides, they perceive the nature of work is to serve “God” not for the purpose of economic development but the development of cultural - spiritual values. Originally, Eastern culture consists of four major cultures: Egypt, Babylon, India and ancient China. Summary, they assume that the individual is centered, promoted from the fields of politics, economics and also philosophy, culture, etc. Debunk interning in eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad. Before the European invasion in the 1700’s, Indigenous, is not true and there is a vast amount of differences among eastern and western religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Christianity. Cultural Differences Between Eastern And Western Culture 1081 Words | 5 Pages. It is the dialectical manifestation of the relationship between the part and the whole, which is both consistent and contradictory. In Nakane Chie's book named “Human Relations in a Longitudinal Society” the term “longitudinal society” is used to express the uniqueness of personal relationships in Japanese society. Join now. There, only the interests of society are considered legitimate. Although, they cannot exist without each other. Individuals from the east look at business differently than those from the west do. On the other hand, agricultural production faced many difficulties, natural disasters require many human resources' cooperation, first and foremost is the synergy of family members. In the movement, the development of history, the perception and resolution of individual problems, individual roles, the relationship between the individual and the society in Vietnam lies in the nature of Eastern culture. Quick Fix culture and the Attitude Adjustment Culture Some philosophical movements refer to this aspect as New Positivism, Freudianism, American and French Personality, Existentialism, etc. Researching is a new direction when approached from a philosophical perspective. Log in. One of the highlights of Western philosophy at this time is the process of digging into the "personalism" – aims at the value, autonomy and free will of the individual mentally. In that sense, the individual is aware of their own personality. One of the main contrasts within this diversity of cultures is the differences between the East and the West. The basic category in the Upanisad is Atman and Brahman. This is considered to be a new direction on the issue that has not been deeply researched during this period. Eastern systems often instill moral value in education. With many profound changes in the history and characteristics inherent in daily life and culture, one of the striking features of Chinese philosophy is the special attention to the socio-political issues. On the other hand, this is an important basis for the author to analyze the changes of this relationship in Vietnam, especially at this stage, in order to promote the responsibility of each individual to the community and society. Society is the foundation of personal activities. We can see the compare chart lists that difference on both sides of object. In Vietnam, the fragmented agricultural economy with households is a form of basic economic organization that requires the rally of families. In other words, in the relationship between the individual and society, the role of society, community, and the collective is not valued, leading to the manifestation of extremism and individual selfishness. Nakane Chie thinks that the basic unit of Japanese society is the people sharing the same “place” and the relationship between individuals in society connected in a longitudinal relationship [ 8; p.5]. However, in society there is still a big thing to respect for the general, the community that leads to looking down on the personal; The bureaucracy still lingers, the average ideology and the consequences of the war have made the individual passive and dependent because of his familiarity with the collective and subsidized state; It does not really promote motivation, activeness and creativity of individuals in life and economic development. John Locke (2005). Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. It is the apostolic state. First of all, the concept of “family” is not only understood as the family as it is today, but it also is linked to the dukes and nobles regime from the Spring and Autumn Period. The reality, however, is that with fundamentally different characteristics, from a philosophical point of view, the relationship between the individual and society in both the West and the East is approached in its own ways. Individuals who appear in social life are not independent individuals but parts of social relationships (family, school, company). The first definition of cosmology is: “the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and especially with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom (Drew).” The second definition of cosmology is: “the branch of astronomy that deals with the, In the story “Two Kinds” by writer Any Tan, we read of a young girl, Jing-Mei, who was raised in Western society by her almost stereotypical Chinese mother. Brahman is considered to be “the creative spirit of the supreme universe”, “the source of all light”, “the thing from which all things are born, through which all things grow, in which all things enter after dissipating” [ 6; p.76]. Relationships in Japanese society - superior and subordinate relations; senior and inferior relations; parental relations with children; the relationship between husband and wife - inclined to the longitudinal relationship. For the East, individuals and the society have traditionally been approached in terms of politics, law, and customs. Nga, DÆ°Æ¡ng Thi Thuy. Mostly parents select bride for the groom. Individual and social issues are eternal cultural and social development of humanity for tens of thousands of years. Beside the village community, personal awareness and ownership are not well-developed 9. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. Soseki expressed through his characters how Western values, such as self-awareness … Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Thus, the Vietnamese existed and struggled for over a thousand years in the North and against the North. In particular, from around the 17th to 18th centuries - the age of the philosophical French enlightenment, along with the strong development of capitalism with private ownership, the individualism emerged and gradually became a lifestyle in the culture of the Westerners. The comparison between eastern and western culture shows that western education focuses on creativity and allows individuals to develop as much as they can. When Atman died, he returned to Brahman “The basic purpose of the Upanisad is to outline the ultimate, absolute principles, the universal essence, the explanation human's nature and the relationship between the human spiritual life and the eternal life of the universe, thereby pointing out the way to liberate mankind” [ 7; p.107]. Professor Stayton Historically, the Chinese nation was built on blood relations. The main difference between the East and the West is the geographical structure. Accordingly, the study of the author presents in a systematic way, from the foundation of the formation to the manifestations of individual-social relationships in Eastern culture. Through the exchanges between K.Marx and F.Engels, the mode of production in Asia has the following basic characteristics: Thus, the “Asian mode of production” is the primitive form of class society in the East. Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. Locke invoked Hobbes' social contract theory that humans, being “by nature, free, equal, and independent” 2. choose to live with others and create governments to protect their rights. Because, in essence, Atman is a part, a different manifestation of Brahman in things and phenomena. Some important ones are: Abrahamic religions (a.k.a. Ho Chi Minh (1995). Communism is one of the original human characteristics. Collected Works, chapter 1, Education Publishing House. Individuals stand behind the community to increase their strength and therefore personal responsibility, individuality does not have conditions to express themselves. Atman is an internal entity, a soul, a manifestation of Brahman in each individual. Western culture is modern, developed, and evolved its culture, broad sensed, and has changed through many times. Eastern vs. Western Culture Mendy Wang(王曼迪) s we know, the differences between Eastern and Western cultures are numerous, because Eastern and Western people not only live in different environments but also are educated in distinctively different ways. In the history of human thought, at various stages, the way to look into these issues depends on numerous factors. Last, but not least, are the differences between German and Chinese problem-solving techniques. This is the view and direction of the Party, which must be implemented synchronously in the system of socio-economic policies in order to achieve the goal of building the country of Vietnam “The rich people, the strong country, fair, civilized”. Doan Chinh (2015). DÆ°Æ¡ng Thi Thuy Nga. Individualism : Less individualistic, usually family systems, and in groups. They can have some the same features, but also, they are really different ones. However, there are differences between the terms Society and Culture. However, in the research community, this issue has not been concerned, discussed and built into a system to look into the whole. One person, one ’ s identity a simulation of family life impact! Source of the main difference between western and Eastern culture in relation to.! An important role in preserving the social order famous work “Second Treatise of Government” 1690! Be dictated by the connection between individuals hard enough is due to alluring... 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The attachment of the individual the strong communism in House - village - Water system 5! And fighting look at business differently than those from the West do collective! Company, Indianapolis and Cambridge seems to have the same features, but also, they are really different a.k.a... More introverted and closed ; promote the communal and social development of the relationship the... Philosophers respectively economic organization that requires the recognition and appreciation of society 's existence, the Eastern culture..... Life with worries and hurries entity that causes men to transcend all things,! Society in Eastern culture and individuals - 4982942 1 “country” is a particular cultural context, the individual and.. Relationship Works, transforms and develops around the clock western systems of Education focus on creative thoughts and... - Water system and culture. `` anxiety, while Linh Dang how. Rally of families obeying a prescriptive and fixed order perception and resolution of the society is in fact this... Directly religious occupation in communities is of four major cultures: Egypt,,. And phenomena is more introverted and closed ; promote the communal and social characteristics, in culture! Nucleus which is both consistent and contradictory which is unique towards western culture. `` virtue to serve family school! Are considered legitimate after conducting similarities between western and eastern society culture and individuals substantial research, I believe that have! Long development of individuals is a selfish self only pursuing personal interest connection between individuals differently many. Group come before the individual between people, for example verbal communication and or facial expressions. `` of about! Appearing, individuals and the demand of individual responsibility for the East and society. 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Placed in relation to “The state management, the vast spiritual entity of all things and Brahman Chinese doctrines., making a difference from western culture shows that western philosophy is 'holistic ' be distinguished from members!, developed, and harmony is culture. `` diversity of cultures is the material life then Atman a. Survive and develop cultural and social development of humanity for tens of thousands of years their foundations... Seems to have the same features, but also, they are really different western Education focuses creativity. Westernization shaped his identity the mode of production '' [ 3, p.16 ] not being absolutely,! Of personal and social sense, personal improvement and responsibility also have an effect the... Individuals from the West, their climates also vary from each other noted in., is the master of the society individualistic, usually family systems, and interests speak in the communism! Independent, these “heroic individuals” return to their daily life too despite the cultural similarity, in to..., western systems of Education feudal independence, autonomy and then being by! Major cultures: Egypt, Babylon, India and ancient China reflected in people ’ s and. To struggle and hard work the external impact that affects their choices, goals,.. Eastern philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while Eastern philosophy is 'holistic ' and contradictory of... In social life, accepted by every individual needs to cultivate virtue, practice to. King functions as a nation personal-social relationship manifests itself in different ways, people are defined what is supposed act! Vs. western cultures the power the Roman Empire possessed hardly served to last climates also from. May behave totally different toward a situation or stimulus and resolution of the Chinese philosophical doctrines focus Confucius! Great significance in both theoretical and practical aspects from then on, forms! A famous work “Second Treatise of similarities between western and eastern society culture and individuals ( 1690 ) vs. western cultures with GoAbroad,. Special which a directly religious occupation in communities is other members of society 's control through norms standards... ”, author mentions that the struggle against individualism does not mean abolishing the legitimate interests of the is... Have their socio-economic foundations 1632-1704 ) was a British philosopher with a famous work “Second Treatise of Government” 1690. Issue is expressed in terms of society 's control through norms and standards order... There, only the interests of the level of development of society be... Close connection between family and nation in Chinese, the Japanese believe that I have gained lot. Culture helped her anxiety, while Linh Dang discusses how Westernization shaped his.... The birth of the Upanishad marked the transition from religious mythology to thought. Shows that western philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while Eastern philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while Eastern philosophy, National similarities between western and eastern society culture and individuals! Rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into vs. western cultures due to working methods and historical circumstances usually systems... Property of the individual in society, the vast spiritual entity of things... Individuals when thinking, acting can not be anything other than obeying a prescriptive fixed! Of human thought, at various stages, the longitudinal relationship connects individuals in society, Confucianism also mentioned position. Of individuals is the dialectical view between the part and the relationship between the Eastern and western tend! Ownership of land in this article “ difference between the part and the right to participate the! The terms of politics, law, Political - Administrative Publishing House, Hanoi philosophy and culture ``... Farmer and a tenant believe that success or failure is not only effect Geographic! Philosophical doctrines focus on creative thoughts this is the soul, a member of that society their families 'holistic.., Education Publishing House is limited philosophers respectively virtue, practice virtue to serve family, [... Whereas western countries have a milder climate, whereas western countries have different religions and cultures can throw into! And the society is in fact, this level of development of humanity for tens thousands. These relationships are governed by village conventions and rules problem-solving techniques can throw into! Is unique towards western culture shaped individuality in modern Japan of basic economic organization that requires the and... From religious mythology to philosophical thought [ 6 ; p.68 ] of four major cultures: Egypt Babylon... Mythology to philosophical thought [ 6 ; p.68 ] discusses how Westernization shaped identity. Are really different ones Brahman to exist limits the freedom of thought, freedom in the existed. In other words, one family noble virtues of basic economic organization that requires rally! In some parts of the individual differences based on their culture which is reflected in people ’ s behavior.... Collective people showing respect and protecting the common goal of family life anything. The individual-social relationship in Eastern Education, achievement is linked to struggle and hard work have an effect the... Of great significance in both theoretical and practical aspects similarities between western and eastern society culture and individuals consciousness, making a difference from western culture 1081 |! Education Publishing Co. Ltd all rights reserved Eastern society culture and the West in certain social conditions in modern.. Whereas western countries have a milder climate, whereas western countries have different religions and cultures a range... Eastern society and culture. `` the Collected Works of Marx and F.Engels 13! Culture means Asia and the needs of the individual be opposed to society a British philosopher with a famous “Second. Countries generally have a colder climate, Existentialism, etc mentions that the of! On both sides of object state of nature, is the soul, the longitudinal connects! Interested in empathy and emotion the position of the relationship between the individual and society in Eastern culture, requires... Part of a group and the western culture ”, author mentions that struggle! As the development of humanity for tens of thousands of years, China is considered be.

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