A sense of self is intimately connected to memories of past experiences. The self is continuous through time — it has some essence. Everything is in a constant flux of change and impermanence, thus, the ‘enduring self’ cannot exist, because an ‘enduring self’ would imply something that is ‘permanent’ or ‘unchanging’. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. The World Health Organization defines an adolescent as any person aged 10 to 19. Self Portraits History, Characteristics of Self-Portrait Paintings in Western Art. While western traditional has, for the most part, accepted and championed the idea of an ‘enduring self’, the exact definition and characteristics of this ‘enduring self’ are diverse. When people talk about Western culture, what exactly are they referring to? Egocentric Self - each person is seen to be a separate entity with inherent characteristics - which are seen to originate and reside within an individual - to act differently depending on who you are with is seen as dishonest - as suggested in the expression, "be true to yourself" This contrasts with collectivist cultures where characteristics like being self-sacrificing, dependable, generous, and helpful to others are of greater importance. On the surface, this appears to be nihilistic teaching . The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. Descartes basically believed that, if he could not think, then he could not exist, and thus ‘thinking’ in and of itself was what constituted an enduring self. While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. A tremendous amount, actually. The European philosophers Plato, Descartes, and Locke all believed in an ‘enduring self’, however what exactly constituted this ‘self’ was varied. People are said to have a representation of a physical self that is related to the body, and a mental self related to thoughts and feelings. The East Coast of the United States was originally a British colony, and as America developed into its own inde… Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. Individualism once exhibited interesting national variations, but its various meanings have since largely merged. Like Buddhism, Hume believed that “because everything is in flux, there is not even an enduring self” (Velasquez 105). He made many distinctions, two of which we can easily recognize as important: the “me” vs. the “I.” James wrote about three types of "me”s" (or objective selves) — material (the body), social and spiritual. 1989. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. So, despite the many mental and physical changes that may occur during our life, we are essentially the same ‘self’ throughout our many developments. Self-actualized individuals value their privacy and enjoy solitude. Anthropology at Brandeis University, Waltham, MA. Psychologists are uncovering the surprising influence of geography on our reasoning, behaviour, and sense of self. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. By renouncing the ‘self’ and transcending the ego, one can obtain release from suffering (nirvana) and finally be at peace. The self is one of the oldest topics in psychology. Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is a "self paradox" that looks a lot like the emotion paradox:  colloquially, a “self” refers to a coherent, unified whole — most people, barring illness, have no difficulty identifying their self — but scientists can’t agree on its definition, nor find a set of objective (perceiver-dependent criteria) to measure it. Self-dedication to the goal (big dream, life vision, happiness, personal success, etc.) Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. Even the cells and carbon atoms that make up our bodies change repeatedly. Adolescence, transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood. Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. In other words, our consciousness is a result of our ‘soul’, or of our ‘enduring self’. I would say that the idea of a ‘self’ is just a notion that has been mentally created in order to give ourselves a feeling of identity and purpose. Every time you fail to feed the needs and desires of your fictional self (which comes from the standards created by you, your loved ones, or your reputation), you suffer. Hume believed that it was impossible to perceive the ‘self’ with our senses because it doesn’t actually exist – ‘the self’ is just an imaginary concept. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. The philosophy of self is the study of the many conditions of identity that make one subject of experience distinct from other experiences. Buddhist philosophy believes that everything in life is ephemeral, or that nothing lasts forever. 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