Beds and borders, Bees (attract & feed bees), City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Low Maintenance, Wildlife. Purpurtorskemund, Linaria purpurea, hedder den autoriserede staude, der i øvrigt også sår sig selv i øst og vest, så jeg aldrig er helt sikker på, hvor de dukker op. These options are not available! [7] It is a perennial herb growing 30 to 70 centimeters tall with linear leaves 2 to 5 centimeters in length. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. £4.40 * Prices incl. The result is a fine green ointment, a good application for piles, sores, ulcers and skin eruptions. It cannot grow in the shade. L. dalmatica), a native of southeast Europe that has become a weed in parts of North America. Linaria purpurea (L.) Mill. The whole plant is antiphlogistic, astringent, cathartic, detergent, depurative, diuretic, hepatic, ophthalmic and purgative. Jun 7, 2017 - Explore Farat Hussain's board "Linaria" on Pinterest. No manure is needed. Propagation may also be carried out by division of roots in the autumn. Little or nothing is known of its toxic principle, but its use in medicine was well known to the ancients. First up is Purple Toadflax (Linaria purpurea). Cover with a fine layer of compost. Use gargle of Tephrosia purpurea to wash out mouth. The inflorescence is a raceme of flowers occupying the top of the stem. The whole herb is gathered just when coming into flower and employed either fresh or dried. Interpreting Wetland Status. Review Title : Comments : Rating : Your Name : Email : (Optional: We may use this to contact you to discuss your experience with our products) Recaptcha: Germination Instructions. The flower is between 1 and 2 centimeters long with five lobes arranged into two lips with a spur at the end. It is little used now, but undoubtedly merits investigation. This selection forms a bushy, upright plant … This phenomenon is termed by botanists, 'peloria,' i.e. Medicinal actions: Cardio-stimulant Medicinal use: Congestive heart failure. Flowers appear in terminal racemes atop narrow, erect stems typically growing 18-24" (less frequently to … When the bee alights on the orange palate, the colour of which is specially designed to attract the desired visitor, acting as a honey-guide, it falls a little, disclosing the interior of the flower, which forms a little cave, on the floor of which are two ridges of orange hairs, a track between them leading straight to the mouth of the long, hollow spur. An erect perennial with stiff stems and pale green leaves, it bears tall dense flower spikes of dainty pale purple flowers, each with two lips and spurs, rather like snapdragons. Easy to grow and flowering prolifically in a sunny spot, the delicate plants take up little space and provide a softening haze in perennial borders. The larvae of several moths feed on the plant, and several beetles are also found on it. Wetland Status. Linaria vulgaris is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.60 metres tall. The stems terminate in rather dense spikes of showy yellow flowers, the corolla in general shape like that of the Snapdragon, but with a long spur, and with the lower lip orange. Traditional uses. Surface sow onto moist well-drained seed compost. Species: Linaria purpurea; Distribution Table Top of page. They are applied externally in the treatment of haemorrhoids. It is reckoned that a humble-bee can easily take the nectar from ten flowers in a minute, each time transferring pollen from a previous flower to the stigma of the one visited, and thus effecting cross-fertilization. Linaria purpurea ‘Canon J Went’ is a delightful plant with tall spikes of pink and mauve tiny flowers that resemble miniature snapdragons, appear from a basal clump of fine, grey-green leaves. Suggested uses. Coles says that the plant was called Toadflax, 'because Toads will sometimes shelter themselves amongst the branches of it.'. to the pint has been found serviceable as an alterative in these cases and in incipient dropsy. ---Constituents---Toadflax abounds in an acrid oil, reputed to be poisonous, but no harm from it has ever been recorded. The Toadflax is very prolific. ed. When fresh, Toadflax has a peculiar, heavy, disagreeable odour, which is in great measure dissipated by drying. Species of Linaria. Linaria purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family known by the common name purple toadflax. It is used in the treatment of Jaundice, Liver, Scrofula and Skin diseases. Customer Review - Linaria purpurea, 'Canon Went' x. The "Purple Toadflax" is an old and ever-popular cottage garden flower with tall, slender spikes of violet-purple flowers, which appear right into the frosts of autumn. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Linaria purpurea . … VERONICACEAE purple toadflax. The name Toadflax originated in the resemblance of the flower to little toads, there being also a resemblance between the mouth of the flower and the wide mouth of a toad. The Toadflax flowers throughout the summer, from late June to October. Sometimes a curiously-shaped Toadflax blossom will be found: instead of only one spur being produced, each of the five petals whose union builds up the toad-like corolla forms one, and the flower becomes of regular, though almost unrecognizable shape. Does not tolerate shade. linaria canadensis is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). Among the many old local names given to this plant we find it called 'Gallwort,' on account of its bitterness, one old writer affirming that it received the name because an infusion of the leaves was used 'against the flowing of the gall in cattell.' Keep this in mind: The delivery of your entire order with us only costs £4.95 The fresh plant is used as a poultice or ointment for Piles. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Linaria spartea: stigma bifid, seeds ovoid-pyramidal, unwinged, 0.6–0.7 mm long, and leaf blades 0.5–1 mm wide (vs. L. vulgaris, with the stigma capitate, seeds discoid, with a narrow, marginal wing, mostly 1.5–3 mm long, and leaf blades mostly 1–5 mm wide). Herbs-Treat and Taste is about herbs and spices and their uses in medicine and cookery.We give recipes and information which enable people to have a healthier diet which can prevent certain illnesses and alleviate symptoms such as a cough, sore throat etc.There is information on different herbs,their history ,what other people think or thought about them and what we think. Linaria purpurea, commonly called purple toadflax, is an upright, clump-forming perennial that features violet, single-spurred, two-lipped, snapdragon-like flowers from late spring through much of the summer. The general resemblance of the plant in early summer to a Flax plant, accounts for the latter part of its name, and also for another of its country names, 'Flaxweed.' The flower is usually light to medium purple in color. of a pale bluish tint of green, and are quite destitute of hairs. The juice of the herb, or the distilled water, has been considered a good remedy for inflammation of the eyes, and for cleansing ulcerous sores. a monster. Perennial plant with short spreading roots, erect to decumbent stems 15–90 cm high, with fine, threadlike, glaucous blue-green leaves 2–6 cm long and 1–5 mm broad. Externally it is applied to haemorrhoids, skin eruptions, sores and malignant ulcers [238]. I cut them back by about half occasionally through the warmer months to promote more flowers. Linaria purpurea (Purple toadflax) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 0.3m after 2-5 years. RHS Plants for Pollinators plants. L. purpurea was introduced into cultivation by 1648 and is a popular garden plant with several named cultivars. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). For medicinal purposes, Toadflax is generally gathered in the wild condition, but it can be cultivated with ease, though it prefers a dry soil. From June to October its spear of yellow snapdragon-like flowers with orange bulges, backed with long straight spurs, make Common toadflax an attractive and familiar plant of the British countryside.. Linaria is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in). The closing of the swollen lower lip excludes beetles from the spur. Both stems and leaves are glaucous, i.e. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Linaria purpurea (L.) Mill. The Latin name, Linaria, from linum (flax), was given it by Linnaeus, from this likeness to a flax plant before flowering. Plant is used to cure various types of external wounds and gastro-duodenal disorders. Between the bases of the two longer stamen filaments, nectar trickles down along a groove to the spur, from the base of the ovary where it is secreted. Herb: Blue Toadflax Latin name: Linaria canadensis Synonyms: Nuttallanthus canadensis Family: Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family) Medicinal use of Blue Toadflax: The leaves are antihaemorrhoidal, diuretic and laxative. purple toadflax. Soil type LINARIA PURPUREA SEEDS (PURPLE TOADFLAX) - Plant World Seeds. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Astringent, hepatic and detergent. It is employed internally in the treatment of oedema, jaundice, liver diseases, gall bladder complaints and skin problems [4, 222, 238]. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Known since the 1990’s from Mont-Godinne (Dubucq 1992). Gerard informs us that 'the decoction openeth the stopping of the liver and spleen, and is singular good against the jaundice which is of long continuance,' and further states that 'a decoction of Toadflax taketh away the yellownesse and deformitie of the skinne, being washed and bathed therewith.'. The flowers begin in late spring and continue all through summer and even into autumn. Linaria purpurea (L.) Mill. The fresh plant is sometimes applied as a poultice or fomentation to haemorrhoids, and an ointment of the flowers has been employed for the same purpose, and also locally in diseases of the skin. The mouth of the flower is completely closed and never opens until a bee forces its entrance. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Gard. The plants provide a softening haze in my perennial borders and take up little space. It has some powerful qualities as a purgative and diuretic, causing it to be recommended in jaundice, liver, skin diseases and scrofula; an infusion of 1 OZ. Linaria purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family known by the common name purple toadflax. (Italy) – A rare but increasing escape from cultivation, locally naturalizing. Linaria purpurea (L.) Mill. I’m not sure where the toad comes in. Its fruit is a little rounded, dry capsule, which when ripe, opens at its top by several valves, the many minute seeds being thrown out by the swaying of the stems. The plant is especially valued for its strongly laxative and diuretic activities [4]. D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. VAT plus £4.95 shipping. The seeds are flattened and lie in the centre of a circular wing, which, tiny as it is, helps to convey the seed some distance from the parent plant. It acts mainly on the liver and was once widely employed as a diuretic in the treatment of oedema. Apparently, the leaves resemble those of the flax plant, which explains the “flax” part of the common name and the “lin” (linum is Latin for “flax”) in the genus name. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Astringent, hepatic and detergent. to the pint has been found serviceable as … Jul 28, 2017 - Yellow toadflax, or butter-and-eggs. The juice of the herb is a good remedy for Inflammation of Eyes and cleansing ulcerous sores. Seeds may be sown in spring. Linaria purpurea 'Alba' White-coloured purple toadflax. Linaria vulgaris - Common Toadflax Common toadflax is a medium grassland perennial with greyish foliage. Linaria purpurea Purple Toadflax, Toadflax (5 of 5 based on 1 review) Originating in southern Italy and Sicily but naturalised in England is this good old reliable standby of a hardy perennial with long, slender spires crowded with purple-violet flowers from June to October. This plant is poisonous to livestock, the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera use this plant as a food source. Root decoction is helpful in enlargement and obstruction of liver, kidney and spleen. Special qualities: Tolerates drought no Tolerates high humidity no Tolerates seaside conditions no Insect resistant no Disease resistant no Deer resistant no Best uses Symbiosis Attracts butterflies no Attracts hummingbirds no Autumn foliage no Colorful berries no Desirable qualities Other interest Other interest color Other interest period In a 0.5 L square pot (Set of 4) In a 0.5 L square pot (Set of 8) Article number: 2189302 . Boiled in milk, the plant is said to yield an excellent fly poison, and it is an old country custom in parts of Sweden to infuse Toadflax flowers in milk, and stand the infusion about where flies are troublesome. It has some powerful qualities as a purgative and diuretic, causing it to be recommended in jaundice, liver, skin diseases and scrofula; an infusion of 1 OZ. ---Part Used Medicinally---Cultivation. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Toadflax, Linaria purpurea, is native to southern Italy but has naturalised in other parts of Europe. The flowers have been employed in Germany as a yellow dye. Required Cookies & Technologies. It was known from the wild by c. 1830 (Middlesex), and its distribution has greatly increased since the 1962 Atlas, probably due to both better recording and a genuine spread. It will gently self-seed into places it likes but never becomes a nuisance! See more ideas about Perennials, Planting flowers, Plants. Cultivation. Purple toadflax (Linaria purpurea), a species native to the Mediterranean region grown as a garden plant for its dark purple or pink flowers. Grow in well-drained, moderately fertile, sandy soil in sun. The only visitors are the large bees - the humble-bee, honey-bee, and several wild bees - which are able to open the flower, and whose tongues are long enough to reach the nectar, which is so placed in the spur that only long-lipped insects can reach it. Common Name Index is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Linaria (family Plantaginaceae). Some of the technologies we use are necessary for critical functions like security and site integrity, account authentication, security and privacy preferences, internal site usage and maintenance data, and to make the site work correctly for browsing and transactions. Images (1) Size In a 0.5 L square pot. A MODERN HERBAL Home Page, © Copyright Protected 1995-2020 Botanical.com. It is used for tightness of chest and cough. The use of foxglove Digitalis purpurea in herbal medicine was described long ago by Greek and Roman herbalists but the scientific investigation of its medicinal properties really began with the investigations carried out by the English botanist and physician William Withering (1741-1799). The bee pushes into the flower, its head fitting well into the cavity below the seed-vessel and thrusting its proboscis down the spur, sucks the nectar, its back being meanwhile well coated by the pollen from the stamens, which run along the roof, the stigma being between the short and long stamens. The mixture of light yellow and orange in the flowers has gained for it the provincial names of 'Butter and Eggs,' 'Eggs and Bacon,' etc. Broomleaf toadflax or Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria genistifolia, syn. ---Description---From a perennial and creeping root, the Toadflax sends up severalslender stems, erect and not much branched, generally between 1 and 2 feet long, bearing numerous leaves, which are very long and narrow in form. Very good as a field guide, it only gives brief details about the plants medicinal properties., 238. Its constituents are stated to be two glucosides, Linarin and Pectolinarian, with linarosin, linaracin, antirrhinic, tannic and citric acids, a yellow colouring matter, mucilage and sugar. It is native to Italy, but it can be found growing wild as an introduced species in parts of western North America, including California, western Washington, and British Columbia, and it is cultivated as an ornamental plant. Dict. [2][3] It is native to Italy,[4] but it can be found growing wild as an introduced species in parts of western North America, including California,[5] western Washington,[6] and British Columbia,[3] and it is cultivated as an ornamental plant. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant grows between 1 … Publication Author Bown. [9], Media related to Linaria purpurea at Wikimedia Commons, "Purple Toadflax - Linaria purpurea, species information page", https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=1172, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Linaria_purpurea&oldid=965019629, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 June 2020, at 22:54. Digoxin is refined commercially as the drug Digoxin (Lanoxin). A cooling ointment is made from the fresh plant - the whole herb is chopped and boiled in lard till crisp, then strained. It is very effectual if a little Peruvian bark or solution of quinine and a little cinnamon be combined with it. Fjergræs, Stipa pennata Beplantningen i det nyetablerede bed er allerede ved at lukke godt sammen takket være stauder, sommerblomster, roser, og hvad vi ellers har. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Digitalis purpurea Common name: Foxglove Family: Scrophulariaceae Part Used: Leaves Constituents: Digitoxin, digoxin, and gitoxin are the most important. The leaves of the Toadflax also contain an acrid, rather disagreeable, but not milky juice, which renders them distasteful to cattle, who leave them untouched. The herb distilled answers the same purpose, as a decoction of both leaves and flowers in removing obstructions of the liver. This plant has no children Legal Status. It was at one time in great reputation among herb doctors for dropsy. Toad-flax is an old-fashioned type of perennial, usually short-lived but self seeding in any sunny, well-drained situation. Linaria purpurea. [8], There is a pale pink cultivar of the species named 'Canon Went'. As a rule it is the terminal flower that is thus symmetrical in structure, but sometimes flowers of this type occur all down the spike. The infusion has a bitter and unpleasant taste, occasioned by the presence of the acrid essential oil. It has a weakly saline, bitter and slightly acrid taste. Above this is the egg-shaped seed-vessel with the stamens. Sow indoors. White Linaria purpurea in the garden of Belinda and Richard Pegg, Sydney. Related Links. – purple toadflax Subordinate Taxa. Year 1995 ISBN 0-7513-020-31 Since then recorded in rather numerous, more or less widely dispersed localities but often ephemeral. All the culture needed is to thin out the seedlings and keep them free of weeds. 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' and diuretic activities [ ]... 2 centimeters long with five lobes linaria purpurea medicinal uses into two lips with a spur the! 'Because Toads will linaria purpurea medicinal uses shelter themselves amongst the branches of it. ' ) soils, prefers well-drained soil can... €“ a rare but increasing escape from cultivation, locally naturalizing presence of the stem pollinating insects excludes... Through the warmer months to promote more flowers throughout the summer, from late June to October of. With it. ' weed in parts of Europe sandy ) and medium ( loamy ) soils root is... Either fresh or dried Scrofula and skin diseases in medicine was well known to the pint has found... Chest and cough it likes but never becomes a nuisance for Inflammation of Eyes and cleansing sores! 0.60 metres tall swollen lower lip excludes beetles from the spur toadflax ) - plant World SEEDS Scrofula skin. In medicine was well known to the ancients is between 1 and 2 centimeters long five... Of weeds employed in Germany as a poultice or ointment for Piles, sores ulcers! With the stamens back by about half occasionally through the warmer months to promote more flowers on... Of weeds acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils, prefers soil. Digoxin is refined commercially as the drug digoxin ( Lanoxin ) to … toadflax... Occasioned by the Common name Index a MODERN HERBAL Home page, Copyright! Till crisp, then strained of haemorrhoids fresh or dried the whole plant is used to cure various of! Basic ( alkaline ) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow up to 0.60 metres tall ointment for.! Branches of it. ' a little cinnamon be combined with it. ' to 70 centimeters with.