Because it is part of his Bushido honor code. Can you please upload the written material of E4 and E5 lectures here its showing material till E3 thanx heartly……..Farooque Malegaon. Actions of the WAITRESS is illegal as well as Unethical becoz her purpose to kill her boyfriend is revenge but not for self defence. On the contrary for the cop – He had a free will and had 2 options – 1. Naturalists and non-naturalists believe that moral language is cognitive and can be known to be true or false. Similar case about Sanjay Dutt’s involvement in 1992 bomb blasts. Many famous Western thinkers like Aristotle, Socrates, Plato etc gave tremendous contribution in Ethics and Philosophy. Need a serious and honest friend for preparation together, sir I wants notes of ur study material of offline method if possible It involves formulating moral rules which have a significant effect on what human behaviour , organizations, and behaviors should be like. No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. Market transactions threatens fundamental human subsistence. In Meta ethics, there are two major issues. If you begin evaluating the ethics itself, then it’s meta-ethics. One of the great tragedies of mankind is that morality has been hijacked by religion. So now people assume that religion and morality have a necessary connection. This is not subject to ethical scrutiny because he’s suffering from a mental disorder so he lacks the “knowledge” and “free will”. They are: Meta-Ethics (Ethics about Ethics) Prescriptive Ethics (Normative Ethics) - which is again divided into Deontological Ethics, Teleological Ethics, and Virtue Ethics. In subsequent lecture, we’ll discuss various theories of ethics. It does not consider whether an action is good or bad, right or wrong. In the movie “Crank”, Chinese Mobsters inject our protagonist Jason Statham with a synthetic drug which inhibits the flow of adrenaline, slowing the heart and eventually killing the victim. LEONARD SHELBY – No free will ; no knowledge. Therefore, the ultimate loyalty of public officials shall be to the public interests of their country as expressed through the democratic institutions of government. It asks about our understanding- how we interpret if a decision, action or a motive is good and bad. Thanks a ton Mrunal Sir, for saving my Dad’s hard earned money :) :). if any one say the conditions of boss makes a person involuntary, in real life, we face such type of situations at every step. Can you please upload the lectures on youtube sir. Rather, it questions – what goodness or rightness or morality itself is? What is your Message? Public officials shall ensure that they perform their duties and functions efficiently, effectively and with integrity, in accordance with laws or administrative policies. Cop – free will + knowledge ; hence unethical . illegal , as he is involved in crime. There are only two outcomes: True / False. Deontological Ethics; Meta-Ethics. However, there is a difference between Ethics and Morals. 188 : Prelim-2021 The affective (emotional) component may even overcome negative cognitive rationales (if any). 270 : Mains-2021, © Copyright 2009-2019 Mrunal Patel, Gujarat, India | All Rights Reserved, [Ethics] E1/P1: Human Interface: Types of Judgments, Prerequisite for Ethical scrutiny, Meta Ethics, Applied ethics, Normative-Descriptive ethics, “[Ethics] E1/P1: Human Interface: Types of Judgments, Prerequisite for Ethical scrutiny, Meta Ethics, Applied ethics, Normative-Descriptive ethics”. Please upload video lacture of ethics E1 series. That is, for all similarly situated individuals, regardless of culture, race, sex, religion, nationality, sexuality or any other distinguishing feature. It contrasts with prescriptive or normative ethics, which is the study of ethical theories that prescribe how people ought to act, and with meta-ethics, which is the study of what ethical terms and theories actually refer to. This book by Access Publishers is authored by two retired IAS officers. 230 : CAPF-2021 But she didn’t have the ‘knowledge’ that iPhone are not waterproof. Emotivist… Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty. I wish, sir u should do this for all optional paper as well…, My quest for ethics ends here thanku so mush mrunal sir . she tried the options of court and police, lastly it is her or her abusive boyfriend – No option – No free will. god blessed u sir for ur comparative online study material and helping nature…, Jason stathem :No Freewill since he doesnot left with any option =>Not comes under ethical scrutiny, Nurses: No Knowledge =>Not comes under ethical scrutiny, Doctors : No freewill and knowledge =>Not comes under ethical scrutiny, Policemen : voluntary action to stop Jason from damaging the Infra and to control him =>Not comes under ethical scrutiny, You are a legendary Guide for all Civil service aspirants … But the basis of morality is really very simple and doesn't require religion at all.” Question: Are these three judgments inter-related? Excellent structure for ethics paper, with parallel reading from wiki will help us to score good Jason fights back, injures a few of them before escaping the hospital. e.g. He must to the job in his limits created by the rules and regulations. Waitress – No free will ; as the only option left with her for her safety after the failure of Police and justice is to use the mental person. Dimensions of Ethics Meta Ethics There is a scarcity of providers of public values. One such theory is Utilitarianism, which says if a decision leads to “maximum happiness for maximum people” then it’s an ethical decision. The study of ethics falls into three main areas of focus: Meta-ethics, Normative ethics; Applied ethics. Hence can’t be termed as ethical or unethical. Types of ethics: Descriptive ethics, normative ethics, meta-ethics, applied ethics. Same way subject matter “morality” => its study is called “ethics”. Subject matter of Physics = Natural phenomenon. The change in human behavior and action due to the application of ethical principles help us to build a humane society where everyone can live in peace and harmony. They chose option A, hence unethical. For case studies- Before we can decide where an action is worth ethical debate or not, you should first ‘test’ whether given case passes 3-preconditions or not? Isn’t voluntary action a subset of free will ? Any way he lacks free will, even if had knowledge of consequences, he has no option. E1/P2: Theories of Ethics: virtual ethics, … Public officials shall be attentive, fair and impartial in the performance of their functions and, in particular, in their relations with the public. In other words, Meta-ethics is one ‘step’ above ethics. If a person has multiple choices, and freedom to pick one within those choices, only then we can debate it on ethical ground. Can we say that free will is the broader aspect which covers the voluntary action of a person to determine ethnicity ? Following people take advantage of his mental conditions: In above case, whose action(s) is/are subject to ethical scrutiny? Relationship between public administrators and politicians: Political loyalty. They shall at no time afford any undue preferential treatment to any group or individual or improperly discriminate against any group or individual, or otherwise abuse the power and authority vested in them (United Nations 1996). 18 : Mains-2020 The morals are created by the God. The concepts given above are too easy to understand with vivid examples. Comment. If we steal, is it “good” thing? One person may like red color the other person may like blue color. It investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking. 4. the person’s behavior is not being watched or evaluated by others. Dear sir … i belong from urdu medium A Child takes “iphone 6s plus” from table and dips it in a fishbowl. Now you can see the broad picture- consider following Case: Mr.X murders Mr.Y to acquire his property. Cleansing the society is not the job of a mentally disabled person. 3. While crowd’s action can be termed as unethical- because they had ‘free will’: Option A- help the person or option B- record MMS on mobile. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Days Left While they are sometimes used interchangeably, they are different: Ethics refer to rules provided by an external source, e.g., codes of conduct in workplaces or principles in religions. She chose optionB. So subject matter “nature”=> its study is called “physics”. Smile on my face when reading the examples… :-). Ethics vs Morals Many people use the words Ethics and Morality interchangeably. One can easily score good marks by reading only this site, Hello I am Manish just complicated graduation and self preparation for upsc cse2017 exam. Virtue ethics theory, the views of Plato and Aristotle. Relationship between public administrators and their environment: Openness-secrecy, advocacy-neutrality, competitiveness-cooperativeness. To understand the dimensions of ethics, we need to first understand the branches of ethics. If someone puts a gun on your head or straps a bomb on your waist and then orders you to commit a crime, then ‘it’s an involuntary action’ by you, hence we can’t judge it on ethical grounds. Ethics, also termed moral philosophy or the science of morals, is the branch of philosophy that studies morality through the critical examination of right and wrong in human action. What is “good”? So, it’s subject to legal scrutiny but not ethical scrutiny. If we make ‘lying’ illegal, then everyone will be jailed. Now we don’t see things in the same manner. Impatient Jason breaks into the storeroom and tries to steal vials containing synthetic adrenaline, so he can inject them to survive. 2. Because it was ‘either you or him’. Hence the study of ethics itself is called meta-ethics. Thanks & Regards, Mrunal sir, please provide the video of lectures E1/P1 P2 P3. Normative and descriptive ethics: Normative or prescriptive ethics deals with "What ought to be done?" Hence can’t be termed as ethical or unethical. Should we use Newton’s third law to build a rocket or a gun? If yes, then are they ethical or unethical? But we shouldn’t try to take the least resistant path through means of exploitation of other people- Completely Unethical. You can Also Share Study Materials,Notes Or Any Materials With Us .We Will Publish That Material On Our Website . Ethics is the study of what is right or wrong in human conduct. Should we use that equation or knowledge to build nuclear weapon? Traditional thinkers considered them one and same i.e. Your email address will not be published. The entrants have a difficulty adopting their preparation strategy for this paper. This is a branch of Philosophy which studies moral principles. To avoid misuse of official position or information. The paper is correspondingly separated into theory and case studies. Normative Ethics : It is the study of ethical action. However, Lincolns’ motive to abolish slavery was to win the war against confederates, rather than ‘freeing’ black people so Mr. xyz Historian in his xyz book doesn’t concur with the views of Mr.ABC. Nurses – no ethical scrutiny required. what is ‘true’ (factual) is ‘beautiful’ (aesthetic) and therefore it is Good (moral). Well, Child had ‘free will’- (A) Take selfi and upload on facebook (B) dip it in a fishbowl. To put it in simple terms, Ethics = Morals + Reasoning. To guarantee effective management, leadership development and personal growth. plz suggest study material for me….. Sir please share the link for video ,part E1 is not available on you tube. (12.5 marks) Ans. The study of Ethics is subdivided into three areas: (1) Meta Ethics (2) Applied (3) Normative Ethics. In metaphilosophy and ethics, meta-ethics is the study of the nature, scope, and meaning of moral judgment.It is one of the three branches of ethics generally studied by philosophers, the others being normative ethics and applied ethics.. E1/P1: Types of Judgments, Pre-requisite for Ethical scrutiny, Meta Ethics, Applied ethics, Normative-Descriptive ethics. It also questions whether moral judgments are universal or relative and if they are of one kind or many. But she have the knowledge of Consequences. Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity & … Sir These can be said to be the guiding light for human conduct. But the staff and policemen try to apprehend him. 2. In the Imperialist age, white men enslaved Africans and sold them to American plantation owners, wherein they’re exploited in the most inhuman manner. You may note that attitude always comes with a positive or negative emotion. Dimensions of Ethics (Branches of Ethics) Ethics is divided into four main branches. While ethics is reflected in action the morality in thinking. A cop : Illegal and unethical. Husband suffering from schizophrenia mistreats his wife/children. In lexicon ethics latest edition Book All the … Since childhood, Japanese are trained to apologize profusely even for slightest mistake or discomfort caused to another human. they might thought him as a mentally disabled person. 3. Same holds true for Sociological concepts. her behavior would go under ethical scrutiny – Mostly Unethical, because she deliberately used another persons’s disability and she didn’t kill her boyfriend because of the fear of conviction. UPSC CSE / STATE PSC Philosophy Optional Special Price:₹600/- (Incl. Newton’s third law: action and reaction are opposite. Ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with identifying, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong behaviour. A short time horizon threatens public value. I found that it will great help to as I am unable to join coaching classes for the that………. COP Ethical. One and same throughout the region/nation. FOR UPSC & MPSC Mahesh Shinde’s Mahesh Shinde’s R Dnyanadeep's IAS For UPSC - IAS / IPS / IFS UPSC Mains Mission - 2019 Weekly GS Mains Test (Model Answers) Q.1. (Applied Ethics )as per Utilitarianism theory, which says if a decision leads to “maximum happiness for maximum people” then it’s an ethical decision. Ethics is a system of moral principles that helps us differentiate between right and wrong, good and bad, fair, and unfair. That is an example of ethical question. 1. Morals refer to an individual’s own principles regarding right and wrong. And you’d say this without verifying the facts. Same way the ‘mistake’ of mentally instable person falling in tiger enclosure in Delhi is, is beyond ethical scrutiny. Moral Universalism: it is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics, or a universal ethic, applies universally. Hence, Ethics is also known as Moral Philosophy. Jason enters a hospital trying to explain his condition to staff but nurses refuse to believe him and doctor says he’d need to run 24 hours medical tests before giving him any drug, despite repeated requests by Jason that he requires immediate shot of Adrenaline. As you can see- “prescribing” about what should have been done. Posted on December 9, 2020 by . 1. However, Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery so Mr.ABC historian lauds him an ethical president. Aristotle for example, had theorise… How can murder be intersecting region of legality and morality?.it should be intersecting region of illegality and immorality.because murder cannot be legal and moral?. A waitress : Her actions were illegal. It prescribes “what should be done or what ought to be done.”. No one should enslave another human being. Concept of beauty, taste, color, sensualities. UPSC Syllabus Detailed Analysis of UPSC Syllabus; 1. In Delhi zoo, a mentally instable person falls in Tiger enclosure. Her action are illegal, as she is involved in crime. That is meta-ethical question. But it can not be made a universal act it will lead to disorganisation in the society and in long run there will me more professional killers, hired for killing targeted persons based on their own judgement and perception. It’s good to have positive attitudes – and it serves many functions. Origin of Ethics -Divine command theory and Natural Law theory N1 December 23, 2019. how can doctor give anything to patient without performing basic medical tests? When that white tiger killed the mentally instable man, Tiger didn’t have ‘free will’ or ‘knowledge’. Phone is permanently damaged. Attitude is your view or belief about what you like or dislike. ... Pre-requisite for Ethical scrutiny, Meta Ethics, Applied ethics, Normative-Descriptive ethics. Meta Ethics: Meta means beyond. Meta ethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean. To serve as instruments of good governance and foster social economic development. applied ethics upsc Hence tiger’s action can’t be judged as ethical or immoral. This is illegal but not ‘unethical’ IF the foreigner was unaware of the prohibition law in Gujarat. So, whatever be the number of questions or distribution of marks across those questions, your target must be to write 80 marks worth of answers in the first hour, another 80 in the second hour and 90 in the final hour. Varies from culture, religion and region. It is basically a highly abstract way of thinking about ethics. A husband finds his wife in a compromising position with another man, he gets enraged and murders both of them. They focus on issues of universal truths, the will of God, the role of reason in a judgment. A fallen Samurai would prefer to commit ‘ritual suicide’ (seppuku) rather than suffering torture/humiliation by his enemies. Hence, his action both unethical and illegal. It also deals with questions like: What are the meanings of ethical terms: right, wrong, love, compassion? Behaviour of public sector employees: Accountability. sir please upload ethics E1 Series on YouTube Arrest (ethical) 2. thank you, Your email address will not be published. Shipping) Order at 8826598295 For any doubt, Call or Whatsapp: 8826598295 UPSC Exam notification Apply Online for exams recruitment advertisements download admit cards download written results download final results Paper - 1 Part-A Western Philosophy Download Paper - 1 Part-BIndian Philosophy Download Paper - 2 Part … Whoever commits murder shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine. Now if we apply this utilitarianism theory to a specific field, then it’d become “Applied Ethics” examples. In the movie “Memento”, the protagonist- Mr. Leonard Shelby suffers from short-term memory loss. But it’s illegal. If you’re a bigB fan, you’d say “no he can’t be involved because he is a ‘good’ guy (Moral judgment). In the next part (E1/P2) we’ll look at various theories of Ethics. they didn’t know what happened to jason, and jason have no time to tell them. Prescriptive Ethics (Normative Ethics) Normative ethics centres around the concept of what is right or wrong. In a single phrase, this sub-division of ethics can be described as the ‘ethics of ethics’. Simple Work From Home. Transformation of interests to decisions: Majority rule, user democracy, protection of minorities. Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude – G Subba Rao & P N Roy Chowdhury. Social Acceptance. Intra-organisational aspects of public administration: Robustness, innovation, productivity, self-development of employees. The theories of learning, persuasion, or dissonance can be used to bring an attitudinal or behavioural change. Perhaps in some ethical school of thought, gay marriage could be considered ethical because everyone has ‘right’ to have a life partner to provide him/her emotional support. sir kindly share the answers so that we can self evaluate and learn from our mistakes. and also suggest ur mobile apps (if any) the attitude is strong, and it occupies a central place in the attitude system. It also deals with questions like: What are the meanings of ethical terms: right, wrong, love, compassion? The term "meta" means after or beyond, and, consequently. Attitude has 3 components – cognitive, affective, and behavioural. Actions of the COP may be subject to Legal Scrutiny(if whether the criminals deserved to die) but Unethical becoz he took advantage of Leonard’s mental condition without consulting his counterparts. If yes, then are they ethical or unethical? Doctor : no ethical scrutiny required. For example, when there is no group pressure to follow a particular norm. Illegal but difficult to scrutinize on ‘ethical’ grounds, since his passion was not aroused by himself. Ethics Notes for UPSC/IAS in Hindi. Nature has designed tiger to act that way. Ethics vs Morals. they did what their job was. 209 : IEnggS-2021 To discharge official duty with responsibility, honesty, accountability and without discrimination. First part would be Ethics and Human interface- further subdivided into three articles. ( we have to scrutinize under the current circumstances) hence ethical. sir plz tell when will ssc chsl exam conduct??? Attitudes and actual behavior are not always perfectly aligned. सामान्य अध्ययन IV (GS Paper 4) - नैतिकता, ईमानदारी और एप्टीट्यूड (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) के लिए Study Material she might have thought that even police found Shelby they would end up knowing his mental disability, case will not come up to me- Unethical. Kill (unethical in terms of human rights), even though the purpose for killing according to the cop’s meta ethics was right but on the other side of coin he had the option of arresting the culprits under the ethnicity of human rights. Visit Mrunal.org/Ethics for more study material on Ethics. Waiting for reply As you can see, only ‘describing’, rather than prescribing. Relationship between public administration and the citizens: Legality, equity, dialogue, user orientation. The Syllabus of UPSC General Studies Paper-4 Ethics is available here click me. Social Influence and Persuasion can change attitude or behavior of people. Accordingly, we can divide the Ethics topic into 8 parts. there is very little or no external pressure on the person to behave in a particular way. any person cannot go or give anything without the order of his superior doctor. Discuss. History opt…..language of answer is urdu Just another site. i think actions of cop are illegal (this would come under extra judicial killings, only the law of the land has the right to decide whether one deserves death penalty or not) but subject to ethical scrutiny, because he is trying to fight against crimes. For example – If the MOTEL RECEPTIONIST had a free will to get the extra money from any other source ( let’s just say he was an UBER driver from 8 to 10 after her motel services) then it would have been unethical on her part because he had a free will to choose the option of not using Leonardo, but since she didn’t have any other option to get money in time she used him and she didn’t have her free will which leads to involuntary action. Applied Ethics: Application of ethics to specific fields like environment, education etc. Meta-ethics is the branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties, statements, attitudes, and judgments. It was wrong on part of the White men to exploit other humans for personal gains.