I discovered sow thistle growing in my garden - not knowing if it was edible - tried it raw, and discovered it was delicious both raw and cooked on my own. This weed helps in calming the mind and reducing anxiety. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Sow thistle was introduced to the Americas by European settlers who brought it over as a garden vegetable. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Learning to recognize sow thistle leaves on their own is helpful in foraging because the leaves are tastiest when they're picked before the plant flowers. They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc [183]. Cynthia Sylvestermouse from United States on August 14, 2009: I just thought they were dandelions! Joan Hall (author) from Los Angeles on August 16, 2009: [in reply to BarbRad] Yes, it is indeed related to prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola, which is also edible). Young sow thistle leaves are wonderful in salad, adding substance and depth to the flavor of other greens. In fact, in studies where high doses were used for long periods, only about 1% of people experienced side effects ( 1 ). Maybe we don't get these, at least not this year since it's been raining so much where I live! How to grow sow thistle in your own home. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Well, I am. A. and Ayensu. Investing in Stocks, Bonds, Real Estate, More, Sow thistle usually has many flowers sprouting out on each stalk. They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. But both are beautiful in their own way. My neighbors who water their yards more often get more dandelions. Older leaves have a more noticeably bitter taste if they are eaten raw, but cooking gets rid of the bitterness. The three common ones are Sonchus oleraceus, (SON-kus oh-ler-AY-see-us ) Sonchus Asper (SON-kus ASS-pur) and Sonchus arvensis (SON-kus ar-VEN-sis.) Sow thistle as a medicinal herb. It grows anywhere between 30 and 110cm (11” – 45”) high. Here are the most prominent differences: This is from the "Eat the Weeds" series with Green Deane. It has been found to have a mild diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems. Milk thistle is generally considered safe when taken by mouth (1, 45). Dandelion leaves are only at the base. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. A report from Garden Organic (formerly the Henry Doubleday Research Association) notes that 150-year-old sow thistle seeds recovered from excavations have been reported to still be viable for germination. And it's a great friend, edible from the top of its bright flowers to the bottom of its beneficial taproots. Vicki Green from Wandering the Pacific Northwest USA on July 10, 2010: I always find learning about common edible plants fascinating. I think I'd pass on weed eating, since I'm not an expert (and would probably eat something really bad!). Great info! Yellow flowers and are 5-6mm (less than 1”) in diameter and appear on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle. What I thought was dandelion is sow-thistle. The unusually large Canarian species of sow thistle has been described as ‘veritable medicine chests’ due to the range of active chemical substances they contain. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. A tincture is prepared (H.) for medicinal use from equal parts of the root, and the seeds (with the hull on) together with spirit of wine. Thanks for the video, it inspires more confidence in trying these new greens. Zucchini flowers are another great tasting flower. You have given me a graduate seminar on it, which I appreciate. But I don't think I got them all. The lower stem leaves can be up to 25cm (10”) long. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. When the leaves get older, they get more tough and often get a purplish tinge to them. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. In the writings of Pliny the Elder of Rome, the Greek hero Theseus ate sow thistles before encountering the bull of Marathon. I do recall some multi-flowered versions somewhere, so I know they are around. It prefers highly disturbed areas, and is a weed of many crops. You'll get us all eating our weeds and using natural medicine! To think I just pulled a lot of these out of my herb garden today. Great work, Joan! Awesome detail! Sonchus comes from Greek and means "hollow", a reference to its hollow stem. It is also said to have anticancer activity. Consuming this weed can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the body. I get more sow thistles. This is a very helpful lens, since we have the dry soil here. Very informative, nicely formatted, and wonderful photos! Both the stem and the leaves exude a sticky white sap when broken. Maybe i will let the rest grow and try eating them. This picture is actually Sonchus arvensis, but S. oleraceus has the same kind of stem. Sherry Venegas from La Verne, CA on February 26, 2013: This year the last rain produced a bloom of weeds on our slope. It does not invade pastures because it is eaten by livestock. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). In-depth wild edible PDFs. Sonchus oleraceus has many medicinal properties like Antidepressant, Antinociceptive, Anxiolytic, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Antitumor, Antimalarial, blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer etc. Sow thistle seeds are hardy and can survive for a long time. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Gosh, I have to run and see what I have in my yard, too. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Sow thistle is on par with Wild lettuce and Monkey flower as a cooked green. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. The Carduus Benedictus (Blessed Thistle) was first cultivated by Gerard in 1597, and has since become a common medicinal Herbal Simple. As the plant matures, the leaves become more "toothed" in appearance. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. Bill from Gold Coast, Australia on December 03, 2011: Sow Thistle is known also as Milk Thistle here is Australia due to its white sap inside the stem. It acquired the English name "sow thistle" because it was a popular food for livestock. Mature sow thistle leaves (Wikimedia Commons: Rob Hille). The stems are a 5 angled hollow stem that is dark green (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Thanks for clearing that up! You certainly are awakening me to the edible weeds. Please click here for more information. Cook stems like asparagus. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Other uses Smooth sow thistle has strong medicinal properties and is high in nutrients including calcium, iron and vitamin C. Raw edible parts The plant can be used in a similar way to dandelion. Thanks for this, very helpful! Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. I eat heaps of sow thistle blossoms on top of my peanut butter and jelly sandwiches -- delicious! Common sow thistle likes most soil types, fields, pastures, roadsides, gardens and edges of yards, vacant lots, construction sites, and waste places. These are abundant in my backyard so I am off to go collect some. Prickly lettuce leaves have pointy little spines on the undersides of the leaves, and the flowers are smaller and -- at least out here -- paler than the dandelion/sow thistle flowers. Anita Hasch from Port Elizabeth on April 06, 2019: Thanks for all the info. The green leaves are large and plentiful where they grow. Learn more about Milk Thistle uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Milk Thistle ... and Strenge-Hesse A. That video really makes the lens. If the unblock fails you will need to contact the … Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. Now I know I've seen this many times and wondered if it was a super dandelion, now I know! There was a huge patch of tender new leaves. ...Well, with my new-found knowledge, I have spied some dandelions! 3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,” 4 referring to its stems. Earlier in the season this plant tastes nice. Dandelion only has one flower per stalk (see photos on the. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Since water’s not exactly limited here in Vermont it hadn’t occurred to me. Alisha Vargas from Reno, Nevada on August 19, 2009: I've always been confused over the difference between sow thistle and dandelions. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. I'm working on a nature journal right now, so thanks! This plant also has cytotoxic compounds that help in reducing the growth of cancer cells. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. (Photo from Wikimedia Commons: Tony Wills). According to Plant lore, legends, and lyrics by Richard Folkard, Theseus, the king of Athens was said to have received sow thistle as a gift from the goddess Hecate. 1. Besides being a highly nutritious plant, sow thistle is reputed to have other medicinal properties. Information, recipes, and fun facts about one of my favorite weeds, the sow thistle. A decoction of the root is astringent and … Prickly sow thistle Sonchus asper, is Vitamin C and Manganese dense herb support for wounds, burns, cough, asthma, gastrointestinal infection, diabetes, cardiac dysfunction, kidney and liver disorders, jaundice and cancer The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). The bright and beautiful flower of the sow thistle. On the sow thistle, leaves are seen going all the way up the stalk, as well as at the base of the plant. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). I've never heard of this before, but it sounds interesting. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. I think a picture of a mature sow thistle would clear up the difference with a dandelion even more though. They are wet, and though not spectacularly tasty, they are wet. Dandelions have leaves at the base of the stalk only. Known hazards of Cirsium vulgare: None known And a commenter to this page has found sow thistle to relieve gout! I going to try some cooked too. Stems are used as sedative and tonic. The binomial name for sow thistle is Sonchus oleraceus. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Young roots can be cooked as well. I make a tea from the stinging nettle plant. Infusion of sow thistle … They have a slight bitter edge (just like some lettuces do), but they're less bitter than dandelion leaves. Sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce (Lactuca species), and like them, the young leaves are edible. I also find that sow thistles spring up in drier soils that dandelions won't tolerate. We are going to have some with our cabbage in the fish tacos, tonight. A passage from Sonoran Desert Food Plants:. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. Miha Gasper from Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU on September 01, 2012: We don't appreciate what nature gives us. In Italian stories, the phrase "Open Sow-Thistle" was used for the same purpose as the words "Open Sesame". The leaves, stalks, flowers and flowerbuds are edible raw. Sow thistles are like the more rough-and-tumble Patty. The leaves of the sow thistle are oval-shaped and rather smooth when the plant first sprouts. Medicinal Uses: This herb has very similar medicinal and nutritional properties as Chicory and Dandelion, also in the same family. Thanks for the info! The flowers are also delicious in salads. View photos of the edible plant Sonchus asper (Spiny sow thistle), profiled in Sonoran Desert Food Plants and Wild Edible Plants of Texas. I pick and dry my sow thistle in the budding stage... lots here in Canada.. every road allowance.! The leaves contain about 30 - 40mg of vitamin C per 100g [173], 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate, 1.2% ash [179]. They taste better if the outer skin is removed. Here is a video to help you to properly identify Sow Thistle: Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, by the New Survivalist More information on the medicinal properties of this plant: Earth Medicine Institute: Sonchus oleraceus Here you can get a thorough course on this plant: Sonchus oleraceaus - Survival Plants Memory Course It is tasteless but contains many vitamins. Spiny-leaved sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including across North America. Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. Jennifer P Tanabe from Red Hook, NY on August 14, 2009: Fascinating! Beyond its use as a water source, thistle is well known for its … The Oleraceus has green leaves with a bit of blue, Delta- arrow-shaped end lobes and distinctly pointed lobes where it clasps the stem. Sow thistle is anti-inflammatory. E. S. Publisher Reference Publications, Inc. Year 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4 Description Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. The juicy leaf mid-ribs were used as a clean water source! [Top of Thistle, Scotch] ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The Ancients supposed this Thistle to be a specific in cancerous complaints, and in more modern times the juice is said to have been applied with good effect to cancers and ulcers. A pernicious weed, it really needs no encouragement from us. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Old sow thistle leaves (photographed in a yard in Carson). The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. It may not be the best wild edible, but it works well to round out some of the better tasting cacti fruit and legumes. Chris Hope explains the medicinal benefits of the thistle, an abundant 'weed' with many uses. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. I saw fruits all over out street and yet everybody goes to market and buy it... Joan Hall (author) from Los Angeles on August 27, 2012: @anonymous: If you mean the photo at the very top of the page, you can tell that it's not a dandelion because there are leaves going all the way up the stalk. Sonchus oleraceus has soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks. It prefers moist soil. The white sap from the stem is thought to be healing to the skin. They become increasingly lobed with maturity. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Common sow thistle has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. (Wikimedia Commons: Anneli Salo). A zero moisture analysis is also available [218]. Thank You so much I found this veryy very helpful <3. Sow thistle and dandelion remind me of the cousin characters from the Patty Duke Show. There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. So let's take some time to get better acquainted with the sow thistle. The leaves are … It has been found to have a mild diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems. The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. Will be on the lookout! Same type of content with added weirdness. It is one of the most common weeds found throughout Australia, not so much where I live now in the wetter sub tropics, but in the colder drier south that I grew up in, I remember it being everywhere a s a child. ... Chris Hope explains the medicinal benefits of the thistle, an abundant 'weed' with many uses. Some more folk names for this herb are; annual sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, milky tassel, hare’s colwort, hare’s thistle, hare’s lettuce and swinies, there are more! My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. A treasured part of Italian (specifically Ligurian) cuisine is preboggion, which is a mixture of several wild greens, including sow thistle. Kylyssa Shay from Overlooking a meadow near Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA on September 11, 2010: I am reading through your edible plants series and I find it fascinating. Sow thistle has a hollow stem. Disturbed areas are places of strong preference. A couple of times I've had edible flowers as part of salads. Stems and leaves are also used in cooking by local peoples. I love your image of the sow thistle growing against the base of the tree. It is also reported to have a mild opiate-like effect and has been used as a pain reliever in some cultures. Sow thistle is one of the most plentiful wild plants you'll see in the Los Angeles area. Notice how the sow thistle has many flower buds sprouting from one stalk. J. that first photo is a dandelion, not a sow-thistle. Leaves and flowers can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups, casseroles, etc.. Baby sow thistle leaves (photographed in a yard in Lynwood). Sow thistle leaves are said to be a good source of vitamins A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Lovely contrasting colours. great lens. I think I will run to my back yard now and see which one I really have:). ... so this is great news for foraging beginners! I seem to get it mixed up with that. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia.. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". This is the best lens I have seen. Identification, health, Barbara Radisavljevic from Templeton, CA on August 15, 2009: Thanks for the helpful ID info. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are rough to the touch or with hairs. Please note: Not all unblock requests will be successful as it is dependent on how your IP address is being blocked. Cultivation of the herb: Fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres. Anita Hasch from Port Elizabeth on April 06, 2019: Thanks for the video, it is reported... Flowers look sow thistle medicinal uses much I found this veryy very helpful & lt ;.... Has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged garden today is great news for beginners. ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) raining so much I found this veryy very lens. Neighbors who water their yards more often get a purplish tinge to them the leaves! And the leaves of the cousin characters from the Patty Duke Show the growth of cancer cells Lynwood.... Some wild plants you 'll get us all eating our weeds and using medicine. Of a mature sow thistle is to treat diarrhoea noticeably bitter taste if they are.! Young leaves are also used in soups etc [ 183 ] first Photo is a well-known weed in field! 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