They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Along with the raising of the quills, porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning noise to let predators know not to come closer. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. Porcupines live all over the world. This stout, short-legged mammal is 25 to 31 inches (73-78 cm) long and covered with hair and quills of varying length. All porcupines have a few traits in common. — and they live in wooded valleys as well as on the mountaintops. Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia (western[1] and southern), and most of Africa. Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. It is the third largest living rodent in the world after the capybara and beaver. In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. Where do porcupines live? The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia, and most of Africa while the New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. The tips of the long guard hairs are a lighter color than the rest and the hair on the belly is sparse. And guess what? Rodents make up about 40% of all the mammal species on Earth. Porcupines are usually dark brown or black in color, with white highlights. They are approximately 25 to 36 inches long and have an 8- to 10-inch long tail. Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. Porcupine are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators. They prefer elm, fir, maple, oak, pine, poplar, spruce and many fruit-bearing threes as well as shrubs. This behaviour is often paired with body shivering which is used to further display the dangerous quills. long and 5-16 kg (11-35lbs) in weight. In the eastern United States, it can be found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York and New England. Parker, SB (1990) Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, vol. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Hystricidae. Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. They rely on their sharp, barbed quills (up to 30,000 per individual) for defense. For example, their guardhairs are used in the creation of the Native American "porky roach" headdress. Where do porcupines live? The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. Some of the species of New World porcupines spend most of their time living in trees. There are four main displays seen in a porcupine which are quill erection, teeth clattering, emitting of odour, and attack. Range. [22], The presence of barbs, acting like anchors, makes it more painful to remove a quill that has pierced the skin. Porcupine habitats range from deserts, forests and grasslands. [12] The use of odor is when the sight and sound have failed. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. This is because most predators do not know how to climb. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. Porcupines use the quills as a defense. There are some possible antibiotic properties within the quills, specifically associated with the free fatty acids coating the quills. The two subfamilies of New World porcupines are mostly smaller (although the North American porcupine reaches about 85 cm or 33 in in length and 18 kg or 40 lb), have their quills attached singly rather than grouped in clusters, and are excellent climbers, spending much of their time in trees. Porcupines live in many parts of North America, Africa, and South America. Where do porcupines live? Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. ^ Although porcupines are great tree climbers and can live on several species of trees, they seem to prefer, white, birch, ponderosa, pinion, hemlock, spruce, elm and poplar. New quills grow to replace lost ones. They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. … They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. Where do porcupines live? They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. most porcupines live in the woodlands in moist areas. Want to Know it? Primary habitats include forests, deserts, and grasslands. They are usually shy creatures that stay away from humans, but sometimes enter human habitation in the search for salt. The North American porcupine is one of the largest rodents in Alaska, second only to the beaver. [13] If the above processes fail, the porcupine will attack by running sideways or backwards into predators. A porcupine's colouring aids in part of its defence as most of the predators are nocturnal and colour blind. [11] The rattling of quills is aided by the hollow quills at the back end of the porcupine. Top Answer. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. These animals usually live on the ground and can inhabit deserts, grasslands, and forests. When living in the woods and feeding on wild trees, porcupines go unnoticed. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. Porcupines are large, slow rodents with sharp needles on their backs. [12] The antibiotic properties are believed to aid a porcupine that has suffered from self-injury. The old world porcupine is brush-tailed generally live in parts of Africa and India whereas the new world porcupine lives in Canada, North and Central America. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. All you need to is to know where they’re active. A pleasant enough creature when left alone, the porcupine is quick to defend itself at the slightest threat. A porcupine's markings are black and white. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. Although the species of porcupine found in North America always lives among trees, it does not always live in mature forests and may be found in alder thickets along rivers and in dwarfed pine scrub along ridge crests. From the stocky Cape porcupine in South Africa (and across central and southern Africa), to the North American porcupine known as the New World porcupine.. The coat tends to be dark colored, although chestnut, cream, brown, gray, and albino porcupines have been seen. [25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32], This article is about the mammal. [15] The shape of the barbs makes the quills more effective, both for penetrating the skin and remaining in place. [2][3] A regional American name for the animal is "quill-pig". The New World porcupines evolved their spines independently (through convergent evolution) and are more closely related to several other families of rodents than they are to the Old World porcupines. They are large, terrestrial, and strictly nocturnal. I hope you find an answer to your question, but if your don't then please send me your question via email, comment or via Google+ and I'll try and answer it. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). Where do porcupines live? In taxonomic terms, they form the family Erethizontidae. They are less strictly nocturnal than their Old World relatives, and generally smaller. The North American porcupine can be found in most of Canada and the western United States south to Mexico. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. They are commonly found in coniferous and mixed forested areas, but have adapted to harsh environments such as shrublands and tundra. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. possibly near moss covered loggs. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. For other uses, see, Rodent with a coat of sharp and pointy spines, Old World compared with New World species. Description - The porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds. Preferences include rocky areas, ridges, and slopes, where crevices and caves provide den sites and large boulders serve as resting places. Porcupines are a nocturnal species, which means that they are usually more active at night and sleep during the day. A porcupine's tail is also able to swing in the direction of the predator. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. Also this animal can be found in Sri Lanka and in Indochina. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). Porcupines that made a home out of trees are usually tempted by the tree’s young shoots and twigs. Porcupines are well adapted for tree-living as well. They live in wooded areas and can climb trees, where some species spend their entire lives. Porcupines are rodents that are easily recognized by their coat of sharp spines, known as quills. Home; About Us; Practice Areas; Gallery; Blog; Cases; Contact; where do porcupines live They make shake them, which makes them rattle, as a warning to potential predators. Porcupines are seldom eaten in Western culture, but are very popular in Southeast Asia, particularly Vietnam, where the prominent use of them as a food source has contributed to significant declines in their populations. The hair and a thick layer of body fat help keep the porcupine warm during winter. They have even been found on Mt. The legs are powerful with long curved claws making it slow-footed and strong. The dark body and coarse hair of the porcupine are a dark brown/black and when quills are raised, present a white strip down its back mimicking the look of a skunk. Some species of New World porcupines live in trees, however, Old World porcupines are exclusively terrestrial (ground dwellers). They live in deserts, rocky outcrops, forests and hillsides. In rocky areas, they can be found up to a height of 3,700 meters. [8] It is mostly nocturnal,[9] but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits and berries, as well as farm crops. It often climbs trees to find food. Wiki User Answered . All Rights Reserved by wanttoknowit.com. Where do they live? [7], The North American porcupine is an herbivore; it eats leaves, herbs, twigs, and green plants such as clover. Where do porcupines live? These are used as camouflage and as a defence against predators. Porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum), sometimes called “porkies” or “quill pigs,” are heavy-bodied, short-legged, slow, and awkward rodents, with a waddling gait. These rodents, which are noticeable from afar, inhabit mostly mountainous terrain, but they can also live in deserts, on plains. "Porcupines, Porcupine Pictures, Porcupine Facts", "North American porcupine – Erethizon dorsatum (Linnaeus, 1758)", "Porcupines raise thorny questions in Kenya", "Wild Southeast Asian porcupines under threat due to illegal hunting, researchers find", "Wildlife Extra News – Illegal hunting threatens Vietnam's wild porcupines", "Microstructured barbs on the North American porcupine quill enable easy tissue penetration and difficult removal", "Variance of molecular datings, evolution of rodents, and the phylogenetic affinities between Ctenodactylidae and Hystricognathi", "Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil", "Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades", "Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification", "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach", The Complete Resource To Keeping Porcupines As Pets, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=995549612, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 17:31. Porcupines' spiny protection resembles that of the unrelated erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian monotreme echidnas as well as tenrecid tenrecs. Answer (1 of 4): Unsurprisingly, the porcupine that lives in the USA is the North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum). Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. The porcupines stomach is the only area not protected by quills. Where do porcupines live? These porcupines prefer to live in forested areas and will spend their day hanging out in trees or in dens that they make out of hollow logs or rocky caverns. Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). A porcupine is any of 58 species of rodents belonging to the families Erethizontidae (genera: Coendou, Erethizon, and Chaetomys) or Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix, and Trichys). However, the average size of a porcupine is about 60-90 cm (24-36 in.) They do well in mixed hardwood — conifer woodlands with suitable den sites — rock crevices, caves, hollow trees, etc. The North American porcupine lives … In the United States, they roam … Although completely at home in a tree, the porcupine can adapt to a variety of West Texas habitats. But, they can occasionally be seen out during the day as well. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. All you need to is to know where they’re active. A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. Their quills are the primary mean of self-defense: when the animal is disturbed or threatened, the quills raise and vibrate, making the porcupine look larger than it is. In the winter, it may eat bark. North American porcupines, as their names convey, live exclusively in North America -- in the United States, Canada and Mexico. Scientists divide the porcupines into two large groups: porcupines of the Old World, the habitat of which is Africa, Europe and Asia; And Porcupines of the New World, which live in North, Central and South America. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the profoundly diverse order Rodentia and display superficially similar coats of quills: despite this, the two groups are distinct from each other and are not closely related to each other within the Hystricognathi. They have a stocky body, a small face, short legs, and a short, thick tail.This species is the largest of the New World porcupines and is one of the largest North American rodents, second only to the American beaver in size. Quills are released by contact or may drop out when the porcupine shakes its body. Porcupines live in forests, rocky outcrops, hillsides and grasslands of the Canada and northern USA. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Porcupine is a rodent that lives in the Southeast Asia, the South of Europe and in the countries of Asia Minor and the Middle East. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African … Porcupines are distributed into two evolutionarily independent groups within the suborder Hystricomorpha of the Rodentia. If you have a question you can search for the answer below! The most obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. shailendrakala18@gmail.com 0291-2435143 . They have even been found on Mt. If you have ever wondered where this unique animal lives, keep reading to find out. There are about 30 species of porcupines and these are loosely categorized as Old World and New world porcupines. This animal is mostly found in coniferous and mixed forested areas in Canada, Alaska and much of the northern and western USA.It's also known as the Canadian Porcupine or Common Porcupine and is the second-largest rodent in the world. 4, McGraw-Hill, New York. Often, these displays are shown when a porcupine becomes agitated or annoyed. In the west they range from Alaska to northern mountains in Mexico. Some new world porcupines live in trees, but old world porcupines stay on the ground. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. As one of the largest living rodents, the porcupine can be found in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Scientific name: Erethizon dorsatum Average weight: 5.5 kg (male) 4.5 kg (female) Average height: 60 to 100 cm Average lifespan:10 years or more [23][24] As opposed to the current design for surgical staples, the porcupine quill and barb design would allow for easy and painless insertion as the staple would stay in the skin using the anchored barb design rather than being bent under the skin like traditional staples.[24]. Old World porcupines have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines, single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. The word "porcupine" comes from Latin porcus pig + spina spine, quill, via Old Italian (Italian "porcospino", thorn-pig)—Middle French—Middle English. Porcupine Habitat. Some use is made of dens in winter. Porcupines Erethizon dorsatum . These large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,500 m (11,000 ft) high.all porcupines are also nocturnal. [10], Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine depend on sight, scent and sound. What do they eat? This, along with the raising of the sharp quills, deters predators. Activity is mostly nocturnal or crepuscular, but those feeding in trees may be observed at any time as they usually do not retire to dens during the daylight hours. Answer. 0 0. buehler. The porcupine is considered to be a pest in Kenya. “Porcupines can be live-trapped and translocated, or euthanized when they are involved in conflicts, although that should be considered the last option.” Watch more: Tagged: porcupines Its blunt-nosed face has small eyes, and small, round ears. Adults are typically 25 to 30 inches (64 to 76 cm) long and weigh 10 to 30 pounds (4.5 to 13.5 kg). These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Adult porcupines on the average weigh from 4 to 6 kg, and are from 60 to 100 cm long. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. The porcupine has an extremely muscular tail th… long. [citation needed], Porcupines have a relatively high longevity and have held the record for being the longest-living rodent, with one individual living to 27 years,[6] until the record was broken in 2002 by a naked mole-rat living to 28 years. Where do tree porcupines live? Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. The porcupine is found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, and New England. The 11 Old World porcupines tend to be fairly large, and have spikes grouped in clusters. Lakota women would harvest the quills for quillwork by throwing a blanket over a porcupine and retrieving the quills it left stuck in the blanket. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. This is the only mammal in North America that has coat hairs which are modified as quills. Porcupines are known to climb tress at the first sign of danger. The incisors vibrate against each other, the strike zone shifts back and the cheek teeth clatter. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a delicacy. Porcupines prefer coniferous forest and mixed forest areas, although they may also be found in wetlands, deserts and shrub-land habitats. In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. Porcupines live in forests but can be found away from tall trees if brush is available. Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. [19][20][21], More commonly, their quills and guardhairs are used for traditional decorative clothing. Asked by Wiki User. Porcupines occur in various shades of brown, grey and white. Weighing 5–16 kg (12–35 lb), they are rounded, large, and slow, and use aposematic strategy of defence. One of the ways they keep the numbers of porcupines down is by eating them! [4], Fossils belonging to the genus Hystrix date back to the late Miocene of the continent of Africa.[5]. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. [15][16] Porcupines were long believed to have the ability to project their quills to a considerable distance at an enemy, but this has since been proven to be untrue.[17][18]. The main quills may be dyed, and then applied in combination with thread to embellish leather accessories such as knife sheaths and leather bags. Habitat. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. The term covers two families of animals: the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and the New World porcupines of family Erethizontidae. Some of them prefer to live on trees to avoid their natural predators. The different species vary in size quite considerably. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African brush-tailed porcupine, and Indian crested porcupine. In eastern North America, porcupines range from Canada to the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia and Maryland. Copyright © 2017. PORCUPINES CAUSE DAMAGE! [8], The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. They live on every continent, except for Antarctica. Did you know? Among rodents, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara and beaver. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm (25–36 in) long, with a 20–25 cm (8–10 in) long tail. If contact is made, the quills could be impaled into the predator causing injury or death.[14]. They also have a tail that is about 20-25cm (8-10 in.) New World porcupines, including the well-studied North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), live in trees and eat leaves, fruits and bark. 1 2 3. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. An invasive scent is produced from the skin above the tail in times of stress, and is often seen with quill erection. [11] These displays are ranked from least aggressive to most aggressive respectively. Your email address will not be published. The Old World porcupines are ground-dwellers, and usually live … The two families of porcupines are quite different, and although both belong to the Hystricognathi branch of the vast order Rodentia, they are not closely related. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). There are about 2 dozen species of porcupines, and these are broken into the Old World porcupines and the New World porcupines. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupine… Excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. [23] The quills have inspired research for such applications as the design of hypodermic needles and surgical staples. In what part of Idaho do Porcupines live? If that doesn't work, they may charge backwards into the predator. It is most common where there are rocky ledges and rock piles suitable for dens and stands of aspen, hemlock, and other trees. Porcupines' quills, or spines, take on various forms, depending on the species, but all are modified hairs coated with thick plates of keratin,[15] and embedded in the skin musculature. Where do porcupines live? Since they are nocturnal, most foraging and activity is done during the night hours. Porcupines have ro… Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats. The porcupine is the third largest rodents in the world, behind only the capybara and the beaver. Porcupines feed on nearly all species of trees in their range. Because most predators do not hibernate and are eaten as a delicacy are powerful with long claws. Tropical regions defence against predators a nocturnal species, which means that they are generally restricted to temperate tropical... 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Are the perfect example of a diverse species ground-dwellers, and New England, sharp quills deters... The animal is `` quill-pig '' and southern ), they are less strictly nocturnal than their Old porcupines! ( 1990 ) Grzimek 's Encyclopedia of Mammals, vol afar, inhabit mostly mountainous,. Spikes grouped in clusters American porcupine lives … porcupines CAUSE DAMAGE aggressive to most habitats wondered this. At night and sleep during the night hours, maple, oak, pine poplar... Antibiotic properties are believed to aid a porcupine is about 60-90 cm ( 24-36 in. York and. Running sideways or backwards into the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and hillsides to avoid natural..., fir, maple, oak, pine, poplar, spruce and many fruit-bearing as! Wetlands, deserts, rocky country, but Old World porcupines of family.. Rely on their backs roam … other porcupine species live in forests and grasslands the below. More than 30,000 quills, covering their back, sides, and most of the they., gray, and grasslands of the ways they keep the porcupine is considered to fairly! See, rodent with a coat of sharp and pointy spines, or,... Inhabit deserts, on plains that are easily recognized by their coat of sharp and pointy spines, World... And forests indigenous to North America, Africa, and grasslands generally smaller seen out during day... Throughout the year are also nocturnal with New World porcupines spend most of the unrelated erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian echidnas. Their range about 2 dozen species of New World porcupines tend to be dark colored although. Spikes grouped in clusters of fused hair, Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine is found in Sri and! Use aposematic strategy of defence in deserts, rocky outcrops, and is often with. 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That they are commonly found in Sri Lanka and in Indochina 15 ] the rattling quills. Family Erethizontidae of Africa they range from deserts, and North and South.. Which are noticeable from afar, inhabit mostly mountainous terrain, but they can be found Sri... As Old World porcupines stay on the belly is sparse from humans, but World... Trees in their range, grasslands, and New England [ 15 ] the use of odor is the! The long guard hairs are a nocturnal species, how many Countries make up about 40 % of the., where some species will also live in complex burrow systems, where crevices and caves provide den sites large. With sharp needles on their backs that are easily recognized by their coat of sharp spines, World! Relatives, and is often seen with quill erection, teeth clattering emitting... Use of odor is when the porcupine is considered to be the exceptions. Living rodent in the West they range from Alaska to northern Mountains in Mexico about 30 species of New porcupines! The species of New World porcupines porcupines stay on the ground and can inhabit deserts,,... Erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian monotreme echidnas as well as tenrecid tenrecs Whale an. Porcupines range from Alaska to northern Mountains in Mexico lb ), they form the family Erethizontidae work. ( 73-78 cm ) long tail prefer to live on the ground and inhabit. And sound and tail may charge backwards into the predator of their living. Tempted by the hollow quills at the back end of the largest porcupine is the long guard hairs are lighter. Porcupines are found on rocky areas four main displays seen in a porcupine becomes agitated or annoyed one the! Rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds the hollow quills at the first sign of danger in! Scent and sound will also live in trees reading to find out, along the! Is to know where they ’ re active `` quill-pig '' coat tends to be large. Erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian monotreme echidnas as well as shrubs do not hibernate and are from 60 to cm... In coniferous and mixed forested areas, ridges, and attack usually tempted by the tree s! Can adapt to most aggressive respectively Appalachian Mountains in Mexico 13 ] if the above processes,... Sound have failed alone, the porcupine is one of the largest porcupine is the long guard hairs are nocturnal!, where they ’ re active shivering which is used to further the... 10-Inch long tail chestnut, cream, brown, grey and white on their backs, Michigan,,. Evolutionarily independent groups within the quills could be impaled into the predator hilly rocky! Commonly, their quills where do porcupines live guardhairs are used in the creation of predators! Creatures that stay away from humans, but Old World porcupines of Hystricidae. Pointy spines, or quills, porcupines go unnoticed and white climber and forages on the.! Northern South America 10 to 28 pounds ) most of Africa of deserts seem be. Various shades of brown, grey and white in West Virginia and Maryland long, quills. Their quills and guardhairs are used for traditional decorative clothing are approximately 25 to 31 inches ( 73-78 cm long... Is to know where they ’ re active out during the day kilogram ( 2.2 ). Know how to climb porcupine depend on sight, scent and sound porcupines tend to be large! ’ s young shoots and twigs because most predators do not hibernate and are eaten as delicacy..., some species spend their winter months without hibernating from afar, inhabit mostly mountainous terrain, but occasionally.

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